A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that occurs when the brain is shaken or jolted inside the skull. This can happen from a blow to the head or a sudden impact to the body. Concussions can cause a wide range of symptoms, including headache, nausea, dizziness, confusion, and memory loss. The severity of a concussion can vary widely, from mild to severe, and symptoms can last for days, weeks, or even longer.
The basic pathophysiology of a concussion is that it causes a change in the brain's normal functioning. This can include changes in the brain's blood flow, glucose metabolism, and neurotransmitter levels. It can also cause nerve cells in the brain to become damaged or killed.
Treatment for a concussion typically involves rest and physical and cognitive therapy. Here at APC, we work 1-on-1 with patients to help them recover as quickly and safely as possible. This may include ocular training, cardio training, and balance training. Ocular training focuses on the eyes and their ability to track and focus. Cardio training is to assess the patient's fitness level and readiness to return to physical activity after a concussion. This is done by gradually increasing the intensity and duration of physical activity while monitoring the patient's symptoms. Balance training involves exercises to improve the patient's balance and coordination, which can be impacted after a concussion.
We also may recommend supplementation to aid in the recovery process. Some good supplements that have been shown to aid in the recovery of a concussion are omega-3 fatty acids, magnesium, and Vitamin D. These supplements are believed to help reduce inflammation and improve brain function.